Hai, kHayal-e-husn meiN, Husn-e-amal ka sa Khayal KHuld ka ek dar, hai meri gor ke andar khula

This post is also available in: Hindi Urdu Gujarati

Hai, kHayal-e-husn meiN, Husn-e-amal ka sa Khayal

Deliberation of beauty (beloved) is like practicing cardinal virtue 

KHuld   ka   ek   dar,  hai   meri  gor  ke  andar  khula

A gate of paradise opened in my (dark) tomb. 

Khayal=thought, deliberation Husn=beauty, virtue, beautiful beloved, in Sufi deliberation it means God, because beauty is God. Amal=action, deed, practice Husn-e-amal=practicing of virtueKhuld=paradiseGor=grave, tomb

This is 5th verse of Ghalib’s 14th Ghazal


In this verse, Ghalib postulates that, for him, his mental deliberation of his beautiful beloved, is one and the same as practicing a cardinal virtue. According to Islamic belief, those who practice good deeds are spared from terror of interrogative angels Nakir and Munkir. Allah has assigned these angels for questioning every departed person in his/her grave. They hold book containing full account of deceased person’s deeds: good, bad, and ugly. Nakir and Munkir are very harsh on those whose account book is full of bad deeds; however, they spare virtuous people. According to Islamic belief, a gate of heaven opens in the grave a virtuous person.

Every moment of Ghalib goes by in thoughts of his beautiful beloved, so, he is actually practicing good deed without any interruption. Therefore, his account book is full of good deeds; he has qualified as a virtuous person; and is rewarded with a gate of heaven in his dark grave. It should be understood that Allah will raise dead people from their graves only on doomsday called Qayamat. Until Qayamat, the dead will remain in their graves. Accordingly, Ghalib talks about opening of a gate of heaven in his grave; he is not saying that he has been raised to heaven. (Wahabism, the Saudi Arabia’s official faith, hypothesizes that the dead, except for few such as prophets etc. have no power to listen to our prayers and be helpful. Therefore, Saudis and few other do not allow building of tombs so as not to give any opportunity to anyone to flock to tomb and start grave worshiping. Whereas Sufis, Sh’ias, and many other sects believe that departed saints do listen to our prayers and since they are closer to Allah, Allah will not reject the departed saint’s prayer. Among many other issues, the above subject has created a huge controversy between these two groups of believers.)

In Sufi tradition, Allah is beauty. Sufi worship Allah as a beloved. If we apply Sufi thought to this verse, the verse becomes supercharged, an electrified realm. Meaning, if anyone remembers God (the true beloved), even in darkness of his grave, the darkness of grave turns into light of heaven.

Finer aspects of this verse:

Ghalib, in this verse, has used just three-four words like Husn-e-Amal(practicing of good deed), grave, heaven, etc. to cite the belief that a gate of heaven will open in grave of a virtuous person. In addition, every word of this verse is tightly related to the subject of the verse. Ghalib do not use fillers or extra words in his verse. This verse exalts status of love to a highest degree.

Ghalibologists’ opinions:

Saha, Hasrat & Tabatabai’s Opinion: In our grave, if we visualize beloved’s charming face, the darkness of grave becomes Garden of Eden; because, beloved’s face is vibrant like a garden. As if, thinking of beauty and beautiful deed have the same end result.

Bekhud’s opinion: I am so deep into thought of my beloved (The true beloved God), I consider it same as practicing cardinal good deed. In return, the Garden of Eden has descended in my grave.

This post is also available in: Hindi Urdu Gujarati